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Homs Economical banner

Homs witnessed successive periods of recession and eventual recovery, stimulated by its large number of its agricultural products as well as the many industrial and commercial convoys that passed through the region.

Homs suffered an economic depression in 1870 as a result of the conquest of the Ottoman Empire’s that opened Bilad-ul-Sham’s markets to European goods. It was only the textile sector that was able to avoid and flourish as it remained in large demand within the Ottoman Empire and in Europe. Employing more than 5,000 weaving machines in Homs and its surrounding, a British Consul in Damascus is quoted to have referred to Homs during this period as the "Manchester of Syria".


Homs is the birth place of many prominent figures in its history such as Princess Julia Maesa and Emperors Caracalla and Severus. Also there is the philosopher Longinus, adviser of Queen Zenobia as well as the famous doctor and priest St. Elian Al-Homsi.

In terms of the modern era, there are a large number of eminent personalities such as:

Writers: Poet Amin Al-Jundi / Murad Sibai / Mohiuddin Darwish / Deek Al-Jinn

Politicians: Hashim al-Atassi / Mustafa Sibai

Islamic Scholars: Wasfi Al-Misaddi / Abdelkader Khoja / Tahir Al-Ra’ees / Tayyeb Atassi

Homs Tribes: Al-Melhem / Al-Fad’aus / Al-Dandashi family/

Ibn Battuta wrote about Homs in the Masterpiece Principals: “A pleasant city, elegant surrounding, blossoming trees, flowing rivers, its markets are spacious, and the people of Homs are Arabs, being of virtue and generosity”

The traveler Idrisi wrote that Homs has a large population and that its streets are paved and its markets are rich and always open, and it has one of the largest mosques in Syria.

The traveler Ibn Jubayr described Homs by saying: “... and its doors are iron doors, of sublime radiance, a huge spectacle, great appearance and elegance shrouded by towers of fortified construction”.

The great medieval geographer Al-Istakhri wrote in his book Roads and Kingdoms: "From it the healthiest of soil in Bilad-ul-Sham, having people of excessive beauty, not having scorpions nor snakes, and having water and trees and plenty of vegetation….”

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