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From History Of Homs

Homs Historical places

Homs is considered one of the oldest cities in the world.  Being inhabited since the Stone Age, Homs was founded by the Seleucids in the 4th century BC.

The name Homs originated from the Aramaic word ‘Emesa’, meaning ‘flat land’.

‘Ancient Homs’ had the passing of several historical periods of prosperity such as the Romans, the Amalekites, the Amorites, the Phoenicians, the Aramaeans, the Assyrians, the Chaldeans, the Persians, Alexander the Great, the Seleucids and the Palmyra Kingdom.

‘Ancient Homs’ had reached its peak of prosperity during the Roman rule…. where it witnessed the growth of the Homsian Dynasty of the Roman Empire of rare prosperity – technically, economically and culturally.

In 635 AD, Homs was the center for the Emperor Heracles during his leadership for military operation in Greater Syria (Bilad-ul-Sham).

Homs was conquered by Abu Ubeida ibn Al-Jarah peacefully in the year 635 AD.  However, Heracles had gathered his soldiers at Yarmouk forcing Abu Ubeida ibn Al-Jarah to withdraw his army from Homs to the battle ground.  As a result, Abu Ubeida chose not accept the Jizya (tax) from the inhabitants of Homs saying “We have been busied trying to bring you victory and not able to defend you but you are more deserving of your Jizya”. This humanitarian stance by Abu Ubeida left a significant impact on the people of Homs.  The conquer was accomplished after the battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD, 15 AH.

Homs was settled by approximately 500 Sahabi (Companions of the Prophet Muhammad) where many of them being buried in graves located mostly within the city.

Homs had remained in high prestige during the reign of the Ummayad Empire, however declined in succeeding reigns as it witnessed numerous revolutions and wars, resulting in its destruction and displacement of its people.

Crusaders besieged Homs is but failed to enter, possibly due to the city’s resistant fortress and the strength of the citadel. Eventually, the Crusaders took control of the surrounding areas and settled in their own citadels, such as the Krak des Chevaliers.

Homs witnessed many fierce battles between the Mamluks and the Mongols, the last being the “Battle of Wadi Khazindar” or “The Third Battle of Homs” which finally drove out the Mongols from the region.

When the Tatar leader, Temerlane, seized Bilad-ul-Sham, he made his way to Homs but he did not destroy or massacre it as he did with the other Syrian cities.  He instead gave Homs the body of the great sahabi Khalid bin Walid saying: “Oh Khalid, Homs is my gift to you. I present it to you from one hero to another”.

Homs fell under the Ottoman control in 1516 resulting in the Egyptian rule after the entry of the armies of Ibrahim Pasha and the conquer of Bilad-ul-Sham.  However, the pressure of the taxes and the compulsory military service pushed the city’s people to revolt again the authority of Ibrahim Pasha, resulting in the destruction of the citadel during the suppression of the revolution.

The Ottomans regained rule of Homs and the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Aziz elected to make Homs the center of his brigade rule.

After the emergence of the Turkification movement within the Ottoman authority, the Governor of Syria, the ruthless Jamal Pasha, began executing a number of Syrian intellectuals. The most notable Homs martyrs from this verdict were Abdul Hamid Al-Zahrawi, Rafiq Rizk Salloum and Ezzet Al-Jundi.

With the Arab revolution, led by Sharif Hussein and his son Faisal, in 1916 was the formation of the King Faisal government in Syria.  Emerging from Homs in the ministry that was created were Hashem Al-Atassi and Aladdin Al-Droubi.

The imposition of the French mandate forced the people of Homs to carry the torch of the revolution to liberate it from the French occupation, sacrificing many martyr from Homs; most notable were Natheer Al-Nashaywati, Fuad Raslan and Khairo Al-Shahla.

Of the most famous neighborhoods of Homs:

Bab Sbaa’, Al-Insha’at, Al-Hamidiya,  Al-Mahatta, Al-Ghouta, Bab Aldreb, Bab Hud, Al-Midan, Al-Wa’er, Al-Bayyada, Al-Khaldiya, Bostan Al-Diwan, Baba Amr, Wadi Al-Sayih, Al-Dablan, Jouret Shayyah, Thahr Al-Maghara, Karm Al-Zaytoon, and many more.

Among the most famous regions:

Al-Rastan,Talkalakh, Al-Hula, Talbeeseh, Al-Qusair, Deir Ba’albeh, Teir Ma’alleh, Tudmor (Palmyra), Al-Qaryatayn 





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