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Historic Sites

 

Homs Historical places

Of the most famous historical sites in the city of Homs:

Khalid Ibn al-Walid Mosque

Residing therein is the shrine of the great Sahaabi (Companion of the Prophet Mohammad), Khalid bin Walid, which was built in its current form in the final days of Abdul Hamid II representing a prominent design of Ottoman architecture in Syria.

Church of ‘Umm Al-Zennar’ (‘The mother of the Girdle’)

Constructed by the Syriac people, the Church of ‘Umm Al-Zennar’ is said to contain the woven ‘girdle’ of the Virgin Mary. This church is located in the district of ‘Bustan Al-Diwan’ (the ‘Orchard Court’).

The Homs Citadel

The Homs Citadel is located on a hill of 32 meters high, better known as ‘The Homs hill’ or ‘The Castle of Osamah’, which is historically the oldest residential area in the city of Homs situated about 2.5 km from the Orontes River.

Homs’ walls and seven gates:

Bab Al-Souk (‘Market’ Gate)

Believed to be the gate of Al-Rastan located nearby Al-Nouri Mosque, and leads to all the city's markets.

Bab Todmor (‘Palmyra’ Gate)

The path that leads from Homs (city) to Palmyra would passes through it.

Bab Al-Dreb (“The Path” Gate)

It leads to the eastern villages via small unpaved paths though which the conquering armies entered lead by the Prince Abu Obaida ibn al Jarrah and Khalid ibn al-Walid (may God be please with them both).

Bab Al-Sibaa’ (‘Lion’s” Gate)

Located to the east of the citadel, it is one of the largest gates that had engraved on it two lions facing eachother (a symbol of Sultan al-Zahir Baybars al-Bunduqdari).

Bab Al-Turkmen (Turkmen Gate)

Believed that it was named as such due to the relationship with the Turkmen tribes that lived in Homs around the eleventh century AD.

Bab Al-Masdood (“The Sealed” Gate)

Was sealed off with stones and mud during the Ottoman Empire era and then re-opened after World War I.

Bab Hood (Hood Gate)

Name associated with the shrine of Prophet Hood which was located to the southeast corner of the city.

In Homs, there are a group of ancient mosques such as Al-Dalati Mosque, the Mosque of the Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz (containing his grave) and the Mosque of Abu Dhar al-Ghafari. Also, the Grand Mosque of Al-Nouri which was once a pagan temple that was turned into a mosque after the Islamic Conquest. It was repaired and renewed by King Mahmoud Nour Eddin Al-Zenki, thus the name given to the Grand Mosque ‘Al-Nouri’. Surrounding Al-Nouri mosque are the famous public baths in addition to the many market places and old open trade centers.

In Homs, there are many of shrines erected such as the shrine of Abo Al-Hol (the great Tabi’ee, from the generation following the sahabah, or the companions of the Prophet Mohammed).  Also, there is the shrine of Abu Musa Ash'ari, Amr ibn Aneesa, and Al-Arbat Bin Sariya in the Hula – all companions of the Prophet Mohammed – and the shrine of the great Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz, and many others.

In Homs also there are many ancient churches in addition to the Church of ‘Umm Al-Zennar’ such as:  the ancient church that until now exists in the Al-Zahrawi district, dating back to the third century AD. In addition, there is Church of St. Elian Al-Homsi (est. 432 AD) where the tomb of St. Elian Al-Homsi resides.

Among the most famous historical sites in the areas of the province of Homs:

The ancient city of Palmyra (‘Tudmor’ in Arabic)

Located 160 km from the center of the province, Palmyra is one of the most important ancient cities globally where it once was the capital of the Kingdom of Palmyra that rivaled Rome that spread its influence over large areas; the name of Palmyra in its original Aramaic form means “The Invincible Land”. It is currently registered as a World Heritage Site under UNESCO.

Krak des Chevaliers.

Considered one of the most beautiful military citadels in the Middle East and was built by the Mirdasids in 1031. It is also currently registered as a World Heritage Site under UNESCO.

St. George Monastry and the sacred sparkling springs of Talkalakh district.

The hilltop ruins of the Prophet Mend, ‘Tell Nabi Mend’ (historically known as Qadesh), the mills, bridges, and arches of Al-Qusair district.

The ancient caves, Roman canals, and the white cellar of Al-Rastan district.

 Al-Shandavian Palace in Al-Mokhram district.


 

 

 

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